The scholars (e.g. Staniszkis, ) who stressed the importance of the impact .. defined as political capitalism (Staniszkis, ). .. Postkomunizm. 18, Number 1 March , pp. – Jadwiga Staniszkis Postkomunizm. Próba opisu Wydawnictwo Słowo/obraz/terytoria: gdańsk Jadwiga Staniszkis. For Staniszkis post-communism is a process in which 'diverse interconnections and .. Postkomunizm, Próba Opisu (Gdansk: Słowo/Obraz Terytoria).


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Socjologia Jarosława Kaczyńskiego

Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. Informing Hard Choices Facing the Nation. Sharpe Robinson, Marc and Brumby, Jim Does Performance Budgeting Postkomunizm staniszkis

Van Nispen, Frans K. She proceeds in chronological order. At the outset, she explains how the debates on identity intensified after the fall of the Soviet empire, how they focused on the ethnocentric, ethnographic, and even mystical elements of Ukrainian identity, and postkomunizm staniszkis these elements influenced the intellectual discourse in the following decade chapter 2.

postkomunizm staniszkis

Post-Communism: The Emerging Enigma

Concluding with these issues, the author says postkomunizm staniszkis following: Therefore, such issues as the status and role of the Ukrainian language, the differentiation between nation as postkomunizm staniszkis political unit and nation as an ethnic and cultural entity, as well as the attitudes toward modernity constantly reappear in the Ukrainian debates.

If one claims that they do not exist, postkomunizm staniszkis is simply unwilling to acknowledge the difficulties of national self-identification in postcommunist societies.

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  • Post-Communist Poland - Contested Pasts and Future Identities

The debates similar to those in Ukraine take place in Poland, but among Poles a forced amnesia is evident to a lesser extent. The problems postkomunizm staniszkis identity are common in present-day Europe in general.


They are present in the Balkans and in the Iberian Peninsula. The first is the question of the extent to which the national discourse shapes an identity and postkomunizm staniszkis the same time reveals it.


This issue is of key importance to the Ukrainian national community. The following may serve as illustrations of the new middle-class as depicted postkomunizm staniszkis visual culture: In the visual culture of the transition period, images also play the role of codes by means of which the aspiring middle-class were able to communicate their existence and status, as well as recognise each other in public.

The emphasis on the ability to recognise representatives of the new middle-class and the ability to look like someone on the rise — this all postkomunizm staniszkis one of the postkomunizm staniszkis plotlines of the narrative about the development of the new class.

Staniszkis, Jadwiga [WorldCat Identities]

At the same time, however, these images were being used to separate off the middle class from the rest of society. The paradigm of the middle class, together with its promise of the availability of upward mobility for all, had the effect that besides the middle class, the only people who were visible were those who had failed after trying and those who — in line with the principle of mimicry which demands discrimination postkomunizm staniszkis imitate but in the wrong way the nouveau-riche.

We should stress that images say more about the perceptions of the middle-class and their lifestyle than about the reality of their living conditions.

In moments like that, as Staniszkis suggests, the images which circulate sometimes have postkomunizm staniszkis or no connection with social reality, but serve instead to mobilise: As he notes, it is the middle-class of course western middle-class that created the myths and epic forms which comment on the struggles for identity of this class.


According to Baucom, the changes in economic structure were connected with changes in the epistemological order: The genealogical subject, the localized subject, and the subject of courtly, religious, or republican regimes of virtue found themselves competing with the new collateral, mobile, abstract subject of speculative projects and desires.

It is hard to positively evaluate postkomunizm staniszkis shifts in epistemological and financial structure described in Spectres of the Atlantic: However, it cannot be denied that the development of the novel, based on realistic plot structures, supported the processes of the adaptation of readers to social realities which were undergoing change under the influence of the advancing capitalist system.

So how did the images in the public sphere during the Polish transition help their viewers cope with the radical social changes underway in front of postkomunizm staniszkis very eyes, and with their participation in this changing society?

The question is pressing.

Is Dobrowolski right to contend that these images were bereft of critique of the emerging class? The overwhelming majority of texts and images in the public eye after interpret the reality in terms of market postkomunizm staniszkis.