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Beginning with his mother's pregnancy, the book describes Malcolm's childhood in Michiganthe death of his father under questionable circumstances, and his mother's deteriorating mental health that resulted in her commitment to a psychiatric hospital.


This led to his arrest and subsequent eight- to ten-year prison sentence, of which he served six-and-a-half years — It documents his disillusionment with and departure from the Nation of Islam in Marchhis pilgrimage to Meccawhich catalyzed his conversion to orthodox Sunni Islamand his travels in Africa.

Stone compare the narrative to the Icarus myth. Considering this, the editors of the Norton Anthology of African American Literature assert that, "Malcolm's Autobiography takes pains lautobiographie de malcolm x interrogate the very models through which his persona achieves gradual self-understanding American writer and literary critic Harold Bloom writes, "When Haley approached Malcolm with the idea, Malcolm gave him a startled look Malcolm, could you lautobiographie de malcolm x me something about your mother?

And he said, 'I remember the kind of dresses she used to wear. They were old and faded and gray. And he said, 'I remember how she was always bent over the stove, trying to stretch what little lautobiographie de malcolm x had.


And he walked that floor until just about daybreak. The Art of Autobiography", writer and professor John Edgar Wideman examines in detail the narrative landscapes found in biography. Wideman lautobiographie de malcolm x that as a writer, Haley was attempting to satisfy "multiple allegiances": You are serving many masters, and inevitably you are compromised.

The man speaks and you listen but you do not take notes, the first compromise and perhaps betrayal. You may attempt through various stylistic conventions and devices to reconstitute for the reader your experience lautobiographie de malcolm x hearing face to face the man's words.

L'autobiographie de Malcolm X

The sound of the man's narration may be represented by vocabulary, syntax, imagery, graphic devices of various sorts—quotation marks, punctuation, line breaks, visual lautobiographie de malcolm x of white space and black space, markers that encode print analogs to speech—vernacular interjections, parentheses, ellipses, asterisks, footnotes, italics, dashes Thus where material lautobiographie de malcolm x from, and what has been done to it are separable and of equal significance in collaborations.

Haley "took pains to show how Malcolm dominated their relationship and tried to control the composition of the book", writes Rampersad. He scratched red through 'we kids. I was appalled when they were soon returned, red-inked in many places where he had told of his almost father-and-son relationship with Elijah Muhammad.

I was upset about something. Forget what I wanted changed, let lautobiographie de malcolm x you already had stand. Several times I would covertly watch him frown and wince as he read, but he never again asked for any change in what he had originally said. Haley influenced the narrative's direction and tone while remaining faithful to his subject's syntax and diction.

L'autobiographie de malcolm X, avec la collab. de alex haley: trad. par anne - Google книги

Marable writes that Haley worked "hundreds of sentences into paragraphs", and organized them into "subject areas". As the work progressed, however, according to Haley, Malcolm yielded more and more to the authority lautobiographie de malcolm x his ghostwriter, partly lautobiographie de malcolm x Haley never let Malcolm read the manuscript unless he was present to defend it, partly because in his last months Malcolm had less and less opportunity to reflect on the text of his life because he was so busy living it, and partly because Malcolm had eventually resigned himself to letting Haley's ideas about effective storytelling take precedence over his own desire to denounce straightaway those whom he had once revered.

This was the only time the two men ever met and their meeting lasted only one minute.