Ayurveda is considered as one of the oldest of the traditional systems of medicine (TSMs) accepted worldwide. The ancient wisdom in this traditional system of. These herbs were used to treat smallpox, malaria and syphilis. Homeopathy and herbal medicine became very popular for this reason. Plants and their secondary metabolite constituents have a long history of use in modern 'western' medicine and in certain systems of traditional medicine, and are the sources of important drugs such as atropine, codeine, digoxin, morphine, quinine and vincristine.


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Understanding local traditional medicine concepts often sheds light on why a particular herbal medicine is used.

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There is often limited scientific evidence available on their clinical effectiveness or efficacy, which may be complicated due to the presence of a number of active history of traditional medicine.

These active constituents may result in adverse reactions, or interactions if taken concomitantly with other medicines. The expanding herbal product market is also leading to unsustainable practices that threaten plant species, potentially leading to extinction in some cases.

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However, their popularity in the UK means that it is quite likely that a significant number of patients may be using either OTC or prescribed medicines obtained from pharmacies concomitantly with Ayurvedic or Chinese medicines. Due to risks from using unlicensed herbal medicinal products as a result of unregulated safety and quality, in addition to the risk of drug-herb interactions, it is important that pharmacists are aware if patients are using these products.

Conclusion History of traditional medicine summary, the long history of use of herbal history of traditional medicine products cross-culturally demonstrates their importance to consumers.

Pharmacists — especially within community and hospital pharmacies — need to recognise and accept the wide use of these products. Acceptance brings along with it crucial responsibilities to the profession, to ensure that patients are using these products safely, and not to the detriment of their health.

The donors had no history of traditional medicine into writing this article. The World Medicines Situation Global Situation, Issues and Challenges.

World Health Organization, Geneva; The use of health foods, spices and other botanicals in the Sikh community in London. Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy.

Traditional medicine

Churchill Livingstone, London in press ; Man was mainly dependent on crude botanical material for medical needs to retain vitality and cure diseases [ 3 ] prior to the introduction of aspirin derived from Spiraea ulmaria which was already prescribed for fever and swelling in Egyptian papyri and recommended by the Greek Hippocrates for pain and fever.

Although written records about medicinal plants dated back history of traditional medicine least 5, years to the Sumerians, who history of traditional medicine well-established medicinal uses for such plants as laurel, caraway, and thyme [ 4 ], archeological studies have shown that the practice of herbal medicine dates as far back as 60, years ago in Iraq and 8, years ago in China [ 56 ].

Interestingly, things change with time. As a result, the use of herbs and history of traditional medicine products for health purposes has increased in popularity worldwide over the past 40 years, in both the developing and the industrialized countries [ 9 ].

Use and efficacy of herbal medicines: Part 1 — historical and traditional use

In addition, CAM and herbal medicines are more commonly used by people with higher levels of education and income [ 1718 ]. In this context, a study indicated that the use of CAM significantly correlated history of traditional medicine higher education level, with a trend towards greater use in younger patients with breast cancer [ 19 ].

As a continuing effort, the current paper will give an overview on herbal medicine from China, India, and Arabia, which are the three most influential traditional medicine systems to improve public health problems.

It has an extremely valuable, rich, lengthy, and extensive treatment history. It is said that Shen-Nong, by tasting hundreds of herbs on one day, found more than 70 herbs that had medicinal value, selected those that were suitable as history of traditional medicine, and described their properties [ 27 ].

Traditional medicine - Wikipedia

The compendium documented Chinese herbal preparations, including kinds of plant parts, 67 kinds of animal parts, and 46 kinds of minerals for medication, and it also described their therapeutic history of traditional medicine. Shi-Jing, which first recorded the use of herbal remedies, illustrated not only the therapeutic effects of the herbs, but also the places where the history of traditional medicine were grown and their harvesting season.

Women's folk knowledge existed in undocumented parallel with these texts.

Both Hernandez and Ximenez fitted Aztec ethnomedicinal information into history of traditional medicine European concepts of disease such as "warm", "cold", and "moist", but it is not clear that the Aztecs used these categories.

It was translated into German in and Italian editions were published for the next century.