A glass transition temperature (Tg) is the temperature at which a polymer turns from a ductile material to a hard, brittle material. Each polymer with an amorphous. The glass–liquid transition, or glass transition, is the gradual and reversible transition in The glass-transition temperature Tg of a material characterizes the range of temperatures over which this .. Jump up ^ Tg measurement of glasses.‎Introduction · ‎Transition temperature Tg · ‎In specific materials. The glass transition is pretty much what it sounds like. There is a certain temperature(different for each polymer) called the glass transition temperature, or Tg for.


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Above the Tg, the rubbery, flexible polymer has a higher heat capacity. This glass transition temperature tg typically true with silicones as well as with flexible epoxies or urethanes.

They cure with a long flexible chain that does not require much heat to make it easy to move.

Glass Transition

The use of a polymer above its Tg depends on what properties are needed for the polymer. It can be used at room temperature and higher because the desired property is flexibility and elasticity.

Above the Tg, glass transition temperature tg polymer is in the rubbery state.


And, hence increases the free volume and decreases Tg. Effect of entropy and enthalpy The value of entropy for amorphous material is higher and low for crystalline material.

Glass Transition Temperature

Each polymer with an amorphous structure has its own unique glass transition temperature, which makes a given polymer better suited for some applications over others. Corrosionpedia explains Glass Transition Temperature Tg Pure crystalline polymers do not have glass transition temperature tg glass transition temperature; the glass transition temperature is only applicable to amorphous polymers.

Twistin' the Night Away There is a difference between polymers and snakes that we probably should glass transition temperature tg at this point. An individual snake is not only wiggling around, but actually moving from one side of the room to the other.

This is called translational motion.

Glass transition

When you walk down the street, presuming you're not like most Americans who never walk anywhere, you are undergoing translational motion.

While polymers are not incapable of such motion, mostly they are not undergoing translational motion.

But they are still moving around, wiggling this way and that, much like glass transition temperature tg kids in church. To be sure, by the time we get down to the glass transition temperature, it is already too cold for the polymer molecules, tangled up in each other as they are, to move any distance in one direction.

What is a Glass Transition Temperature? - Definition from Corrosionpedia

The motion that allows a polymer above its glass transition temperature to be pliable is not usually translational motion, but what is glass transition temperature tg in the business as long-range segmental motion.

While the polymer chain as a whole may not be going anywhere, segments of the chain can wiggle around, swing to and fro, and turn like a giant corkscrew.

The polymer samples may be thought of as a crowd of glass transition temperature tg on a dance floor. While each whole body tends to stay in the same spot, various arms, legs, and whatnot are changing position a lot.

When the temperature drops below the Tg, for polymers the party's over, and the long-range segmental motion grinds to a halt. Tg can be significantly decreased by addition of plasticizers into the polymer matrix. Glass transition temperature tg molecules of plasticizer embed themselves between the polymer chains, increasing the spacing and free volume, and allowing them to move past one another even at lower temperatures.

The addition of nonreactive side groups to a polymer can also make the chains stand off from one glass transition temperature tg, reducing Tg.