Lo Hekatompedon, o Hekatompedos, noto anche come Ur-Partenone e H–Architettura, era un Il frontone orientale, noto anche come il frontone Leonessa, contiene al centro due leoni disposti simmetricamente mentre uccidono un vitello  ‎Storia · ‎Descrizione · ‎Stile. Ricostruzione del frontone occidentale del Partenone. Su questo frontone era raffigurata la mtica disputa tra Atena e Poseidone per il possesso dell'Attica. I frontoni. Il frontone è un elemento architettonico di forma triangolare posto a coronamento della facciata di un edificio e che racchiude il timpano. i FRONTONI.


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Quest'ultimo fu distrutto nel a. Le sue fondamenta sono scomparse, ma gli elementi architettonici e scultorei trovati nella parte meridionale micenea delle mura dell' Acropoli sono state frontone partenone dagli studiosi a questo tempio.

Gli frontone partenone architettonici superstiti indicano che la lunghezza della sua crepidoma era probabilmente ca.


frontone partenone I tre elementi sono conservati nel Museo dell'Acropoli ed erano stati, fino a poco tempo fa, ritenuti erroneamente appartenenti al Tempio di Atena Polia.

The pediments represent mostly the feats of Heracles or other episodes associated with the hero: It is, in fact, this pediment that clearly shows the inest artistic quality and compositional richness: Heracles, followed by Hermes and preceded by Athena alas, no longer conserved here strides towards the throne of Zeus, by which is seated Hera, at the centre of frontone partenone pediment: The only pediment that does not seem to involve Heracles is the one with the olive tree where, beside frontone partenone building with Doric entablature, showing an entrance door, we see an olive tree behind a fence.

Frammento del frontone ovest del Partenone con testa di cavallo

With this architectural- natural background three of four female igures perform an action, interpretation of which is still much debated see below. The style of the sculpture evokes the same artistic climate attested by the pediments of frontone partenone H, and inds comparison with many frontone partenone and reliefs produced in Athens in the second half of the 6th century BC.

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Thus, for the small pediments, too, dating can be determined between and BC. On the other hand, it is rather more dificult to detect some connection between the architectural elements belonging to the oikoi and the pediments, but it seems quite pos- sible that building Frontone partenone was adorned with the olive tree pediment, building C with the apotheosis piece.

Around BC, evidently on the initiative of the sons of Peisistratos, a new peripteral temple was erected — the most important of the archaic Acropolis — and namely the one dedicated to Athena Polias chapter 5. On the evidence of these foundations we can determine the dimensions of the building The temple columns and elevation were in Piraeus poros, as were the architrave, triglyphs and horizontal geison, while the metopes, raking geisa, cyma, pedimental frontone partenone and roof tiles were in Parian marble, as indeed was the igured frieze that must have adorned the upper part of the outer walls of the cella, along the entire perimeter.

Frontone del Partenone di Atene - Picture of The British Museum, London - TripAdvisor

The frieze, conserved only frontone partenone a number of fragments, can be considered an antecedent for the Parthenon frieze with the Panathenaic proces- sion. The cyma, decorated with an encaustic-work plant motif, frontone partenone characterised by the presence of four animal protome waterspouts — two lion heads and two ram heads — originally set on the long sides, at the corners of the building.


One of the pediments was decorated with the Gigantomachy, the other with a pair of lions at- tacking a bull; the igures in the round, found conserved in fragments in the Perserschutt, were of monumental dimensions. It has proved possible to reconstruct a good part of the statue of Athena and the three giants in the Gigantomachy pediment, but a number of feet have also been conserved, frontone partenone proved fundamental for reconstruction of the scene and to determine the number of igures originally present: Frontone partenone these giants and the gods must once have lain the igure of a fallen giant; the one on the right wing, known as Enkelados, is among the best frontone partenone of the igures.


It is not easy to determine frontone partenone number of igures that made up the scene: Attributed to the statue of Zeus by Y. There remain many more fragments that can be attributed to the statues that made up the scene; some of these have been identiied by H.

Schrader in his publication, while others have remained unpublished. The reconstruction of the scene as frontone partenone have described it had been rejected as from the s in favour of the reconstruction proposed by K. In support of his theory he had brought the chronology of the Gigantomachy pediment forward frontone partenone the end of the 6th century, to the period of the pediments of the temple of Apollo at Delphi, the temple of Aphaia at Aegina, and of Apollo Daphnephoros at Eretria: Although the chronology of the end of the 6th century BC has been accepted by many scholars, here we concur with the opinion of F.